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成人高考高起点英语复习资料:名词(3)

  考点3.集合名词的数 $lesson$

  一般地说,集合名词只以单数形式出现。常见的有:family,police,cattle,team,people,government, class,group,audience(观众),public(公众),crew(全体船员)等。当这些名词作主语时,若表示一个整体时,谓语动词用单数形式;若表示集体的每一个成员时,谓语动词用复数形式。

  His family is a big family./ The whole family are watching TV now.

  The government welcomes the proposal.(政府欢迎该建议。)转自环 球 网 校edu24ol.com

  The government are discussing the proposal.(政府官员正在讨论该建议。)

  注意:

  (1)police和cattle后面的谓语动词总是用复数形式

  Many cattle are kept on the farm.

  Several hundred police are on duty.

  考点4.of+抽象数=相应的形容词

  of+geat+抽象名词=very+相应的形容词

  of+no+抽象名词=not+相应的形容词(or -less, un-)

  这样的抽象名词主要有:importance,value,use,help

  The dictionary is of great use/help.=The dictionary is very useful/helpful.

  The meeting is of great importance.=The meeting is very important.

  Ginseng is of great medicine value. (西洋参具有很高的药用价值。)

  Your advice is of great value to us=Your advice is very valuable to us

  His suggestion is of no use=His suggestion is not useful

  That program is of great interest to the children

  =That program is very interesting to the children

  但是,of+color/age/height/width常用来表示具有同样的颜色、年龄、高度、宽度等等。

  These two jackets are of the same color.(这两件夹克衫颜色一样。)

  We're of the same age.(我们年龄一样大。)

  考点5.to+抽象名词常表示喜、怒、哀、乐

  to one's surprise(令人惊讶地);to one's joy/delight(令人高兴地);

  to one'sdisappointment(令人失望地);to one's shame(令人羞愧地)

  考点6.名词作定语

  名词作定语一般用单数

  eg. mountain areas山区 apple pies苹果派

  color TV's彩色电视机 machine guns机关机转自环 球 网 校edu24ol.com

  the school bus学校的班车

  a shoe shop/ a stone bridge/ a mountain village/

  the ticket office/ war stories/ book leaves/ vegetable garden

  [例外]savings account储蓄存款帐户 women's college女子学院

  girls's high school女子中学

  man,woman作定语与后面的名词的数一致

  eg,a man doctor――two men doctors

  sports运动,作定语一般用复数 eg. A sports car/ sports shoes/ a sports meet/ the sports field

  sport(单数)表示具体的运动项目 eg.Which sport were you in yesterday?

  「例句」I walked too much yesterday and ________are still aching now. (CET-4 1995,6)

  A) my leg's muscles B) my muscles of leg

  C) my leg muscles D) my muscle's of the leg

  本题为名词作定语,不用所有格形式,故正确答案为C.

  类似的用法还有:a woman doctor,a straw hat,a paper cover.

  「例句」Now people use the word MS instead of Miss or Mrs before the name of______ in business 'letters.

  A)woman manager B)women manager

  C)woman managers D)women managers

  考点7.复合形容词中的名词必须用单数

  eg. two-minute ride seven five-yuan notes

  a nine-foot-tall tree a three-year old三岁的小孩

  a seven-day holiday七天的假期

  a 200-meter-high building二百米高的大厦

  注意名词所有格和复合形容词的用法

  eg.二十分钟的路程 twenty minutes' walk

  a twenty-minute walk

  「例句」Despite the wonderful acting and well developed plot the movie could not hold our________ attention. (CET-1996,1)

  A) three-hours B) three-hour C) three-hours' D) three-hour's

  three-hour为复合形容词,作定语不能加's.另外,复合形容词作定语,其中名词保持单数,故A、C、D都不对。正确答案为B.三个小时的电影也可以表达为:three hours' movie .?

  考点8.表示时间的名词前有one,some,this,that,last,next,every,all等修饰时,前面不再用介词:

  eg. 1. One day I happened to meet her on my way back from school.

  2.He kept washing all day.

  3.Next morning I will leave for the USA to study English.

  考点9.最高级形容词前如有名词,要用所有格形式,如有数词,要用序数词形式,如:

  the world's highest mountain世界最高的山

  the country's largest library国家最大的图书馆

  the second longest river in China中国第二长河

  考点10. 表示数量的hundred,thousand,million,dozen,(打),score(二十)的用法

  (1)表示确定数目时,不加s:five hundred(thousand,million)students;six dozen pens

  (2)表示不确定数目时,加s并且与of连用:hundreds of students;dozens(scores)of people

  (3)many, several等修饰dozen,score时,不用复数,也不用of:many/several dozen pencils,但是当名词前有限定词或事物本身为人称代词,必须加 of:

  a dozen of these people/eggs; two score of such books;

  two dozen of them two dozen eggs两打鸡蛋

  four score and seven years ago八十七年前

  dozens of students几十名学生 hundred of horses上千匹马

  millions of people上千万人

  He has flow two hundred miles to get here

  他坐飞机飞了两百英里赶到这里。

  Millions of people come to visit this city every year

  每年有几百万人来这个城市参加。

  12.自我检测

  (1) The_____of the cottage were covered with_________.

  A. roofs; leafs B.roofs;leaves C.roovws; leafs D.rooves;leaves

  (2) That shop sells_______clothing.

  A.child's and woman's B.children and women's C.children's and women D.children's and women's

  (3) There are five_______ in our clinic.

  A.woman doctor B.woman doctors C.women doctor D.women doctors

  (4)――What can I do for you? ――I'd like to have a ____of China Daily.

  A.piece B.sheet C.copy D.lot

  (5)If these shoes are too big, ask him to bring you a small________.

  A.pair B.one C.suit D.piece

  (6)The advertisements in newspapers help to cut the _____of making newspapers.

  A.value B.price C.cost D.pay

  (7)Mr.smith had no______in finding his teacher's address.

  A.difficulty B.difficulties C.troubles D.mistakes

  (8)______it is to have a swim in hot summer!

  A.What a fun B. What fun C.How fun D.How a fun

  (9)It is bad______to speak with your mouth full.

  A.way B.manner C.manners D.methods

  (10)You should pay much_______to your pronunciation.

  A.interest B.notice C.money D.attention

  Answer BDDCA CABCD