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2018成人高考专升本《英语》考前提分练习及答案14

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完形填空(三)

There are more than forty universities in Britain--nearly twice as many as in 1960. During the 1960s eight completely new ones were founded, and ten other new ones were created 1 converting old colleges of technology into universities. In the same period the 2 of students more than doubled, from 70,000 to 3 than 200,000. By 1973 about 10% of men aged from eighteen 4 twenty-one were in universities and about 5% of women. All the universities are private institutions. Each has its 5 governing councils, 6 some local businessmen and local politicians as 7 a few academics. The state began to give grants to them fifty years 8 , and by 1970 each university derived nearly all its 9 from state grants. Students have to 10 fees and living costs, but every student may receive from the local authority of the place 11 he lives a personal grant which is enough to pay his full costs, including lodging and 12 unless his parents are 13 . Most 14 take jobs in the summer 15 about six weeks, but they do not normally do outside 16 during the academic year. The Department of Education takes 17 for the payment which covers the whole expenditure of the 18 , but it does not exercise direct control. It can have an important influence 19 new developments through its power to distribute funds, but it takes the advice of the University Grants Committee, a body which is mainly 20 of academics.

1. A. with B. by C. at D. into

2. A. amount B. quantity C. lot D. number

3. A. more B. much C. less D. fewer

4. A. with B. to C. from D. beyond

5. A. self B. kind C. own D. personal

6. A. making B. consisting C. including D. taking

7. A. good B. long C. little D. well

8. A. ago B. before C. after D. ever

9. A. suggestions B. grades C. profits D. funds

10. A. make B. pay C. change D. delay

11. A. what B. which C. where D. how

12. A. living B. drinking C. food D. shelter

13. A. poor B. generous C. kindhearted D. rich

14. A. professors B. students C. politicians D. businessmen

15. A. at B. since C. with D. for

16. A. travel B. work C. experiment D. study

17. A. responsibility B. advice C. duty D. pleasure

18. A. government B. school C. universities D. committees

19. A. at B. to C. on D. from

20. A. consisted B. composed C. made D. taken

参考答案: 1-5 BDABC 6-10 CDADB 11-15 CCDBD 16-20 BACCB

完形填空(四)

Who doesn’t love sitting beside a fire on a cold winter night? Fire is one of the man’s greatest friends, but also one of __1_ greatest enemies. Many big fires are caused by carelessness. A lighted cigarette thrown __2__ a car or a train window, or a broken bottle lying on dry grass can _3__ a fire. Sometimes a fire can start on its own. Wet hay can begin burning of itself. This is ___4_ it happens: the hay starts to rot and begins to _5__ heat which is trapped inside it. Finally, it bursts into flames. That is why farmers cut and store their hay when it’s dry.

Fires have destroyed __6__ cities. In the 17th century, a small fire which _7__ in a shop burnt down nearly every building in London. Moscow was set fire to during the war against Napoleon . this fire __8_ burning for seven days. Even today, in spite of modern fire-fighting_9__, fire causes a great deal of damage each year both in our cities and in the countryside. It has been widely __10 that fire is a good servant but a very bad master.

21. A. his B. its C. our D. their

22. A. into B. out of C. from D. over

23. A. happen B. light C. make D. start

24. A. what B. why C. how D. because

25. A. give off B. get out C. break out D. make out

26. A. no B. many C. small D. big

27. A. was B. is C. start D. began

28. A. lasted B. continued C. stopped D. began

29. A. methods B. researches C. studies D. engines

30. A. written B. asked C. forgotten D. said

参考答案:1-5 ABDCA 6-10 BDBAD